Tuesday, April 22, 2014 Saturday, April 19, 2014
Bureaucratic stupidity typifies all armies, and novels or plays that hold the army up for ridicule do not prove that soldiers, many of whom may have detested military officiousness, did not also share a sustaining ideology that allowed them to fight on. The Habsburg army may have come in for more than its share of ridicule after World War I because it was an easy target. After all, it so obviously depended on superior German troops to win any victories. Moreover, it was a vast array of men of very different backgrounds, speaking many languages, and using a German language of command of less than 100 words.The peacetime army had handled the linguistic problem by requiring all officers to speak German as well as the language(s) of the regiments in which they served. A large proportion of career officers, however, were killed in August 1914, and they were replaced by reserve officers, many of whom did not speak German particularly well and did not know the languages of the men they commanded at all. The linguistic abyss between officers and men, and even between fellow officers, did not lend itself to effective fighting. Memoirists often commented on the linguistic babble in the army, a situation not conducive to any sense of common purpose. Finally, nationalist politicians in the interwar successor states had a vested interest in emphasizing Czech, Hungarian, Serb, or Italian disloyalty to the Habsburgs, and citizens of these new states found it impolitic to discuss wartime Habsburg loyalty. Still the fact remains that the vast majority of Habsburg soldiers of all nationalities did remain loyal to the state for which they fought, did fight determinedly in an endless, brutal war, and did possess an ideology that rendered their suffering meaningful. Marsha Rozenblit, Reconstructing a National Identity: Jews of Habsburg Austria During WWI, p. 85-85 (via fuckyeahsoftzionism)
Thursday, April 17, 2014
I am 21-years old. My hair and beard are already grey. My moustache is white. My face is wrinkled and my body is rotting. I can’t anymore endure the hardships and privations we face without being upset. Being an Ottoman Officer only means putting up with grenades and bombs. Mehmet Fasih, Fifth Ottoman Army, Gallipoli, 1915 (via ofallthebastardsofplaces)
natgeofound:

French opera star Marthe Chenal sings Marseillaise during World War I in Alsace, France, November 1917.Photograph by Harriet Chalmers Adams, National Geographic

natgeofound:

French opera star Marthe Chenal sings Marseillaise during World War I in Alsace, France, November 1917.Photograph by Harriet Chalmers Adams, National Geographic

Wednesday, April 16, 2014
Tuesday, April 15, 2014
August 2, 1914: Germany has declared war on Russia. Went swimming in the afternoon.
Franz Kafka

(via 1914-1945)

(Source: kafkaesque-world)

jasta11:

"Last kiss before the departure" - Portuguese Expeditionary Corps marching towards the frontline, 1917.

jasta11:

"Last kiss before the departure" - Portuguese Expeditionary Corps marching towards the frontline, 1917.

Monday, April 14, 2014 Sunday, April 13, 2014
dieweltvongestern:

drawing of an Italian soldier surrounded by bayonettes, on 18th August 1915 (the emperor’s birthday), apparently by an Austro-Hungarian soldier in Inft. Rgmt. Musik No 72 Pressburg.

dieweltvongestern:

drawing of an Italian soldier surrounded by bayonettes, on 18th August 1915 (the emperor’s birthday), apparently by an Austro-Hungarian soldier in Inft. Rgmt. Musik No 72 Pressburg.

onlyoldphotography:

André Kertész: Soldier writing, Gorz, Austria (now Italy), 1915

onlyoldphotography:

André Kertész: Soldier writing, Gorz, Austria (now Italy), 1915