Satirical print, “Taming of the shrew: —Katharine & Petruchio; —The modern Quixotte, —or, what you will—" by James Gillray, April 1791
Cartoon shows Catherine II, faint and shying away from William Pitt, who appears as Petruchio, and Don Quixote on horseback (a lean George III whose authority has been usurped by Pitt), seated behind Pitt are the King of Prussia and a figure representing Holland as Sancho Panza, Selim III kneels to kiss the horse’s tail; a gaunt figure representing the old order in France and Leopold II render assistance to Catherine by preventing her from falling to the ground.
This is a reference to the Oczakov crisis, when Pitt’s government attempted to get involved in the Russo-Turkish war that had been raging since the late 1780s. Russia had captured the Turkish fort of Oczakov on the Black Sea; in an attempt to redress the balance of power in Eastern Europe Pitt’s government tried to make Russia give it back. When it seemed likely that Britain would have to fight to enforce its demand, Pitt backed down.